Place of articulation -stops-

・Continuum from /ba/ to /da/
    -Vowel: /a/
    -SR (sampling rate): 10KHz
    -F0: fixed at 130 Hz
    -Fixed F1 frequency
        ・Onset of formant transition (395Hz)
        ・Transition time (25ms)
        ・Steady state of vowel (700Hz)
    -F3: fixed at 2600 Hz



・Continuum from /ba/ to /da/
    -F2 locus
     Varies from 600Hz(/ba/) to 1800Hz(/da/) in 200Hz steps

    -F2 transition time
     from 25ms (/ba/) to 55ms (/da/) in 10ms steps

    -Steady state of vowel: 1200 Hz


・Continuum from /ba/ to /da/ (Changes in F2 loci)
    -F2 transition time = 25ms
 


600Hz
800Hz 1000Hz 1200Hz 1400Hz 1600Hz 1800Hz
25ms



   -F2 transition time = 35ms



600Hz
800Hz 1000Hz 1200Hz 1400Hz 1600Hz 1800Hz
35ms



    -F2 transition time = 45ms
  


600Hz
800Hz 1000Hz 1200Hz 1400Hz 1600Hz 1800Hz
45ms

  

   -F2 transition time = 55ms



600Hz
800Hz 1000Hz 1200Hz 1400Hz 1600Hz 1800Hz
55ms