IEICE Trans. on Fundamentals, Vol. E86-A, No. 9, pp. 2294-2302, 2003
Visualization of brain activities of single-trial and averaged multiple-trials MEG data
Y. Konno, J. Cao, T. Arai and T. Takeda
Abstract: Treating an averaged multiple-trials data or non-averaged single-trial data is a main approach in recent topics on applying independent component analysis (ICA) to neurobiological signal processing. By taking an average, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is increased but some important information such as the strength of an evoked response and its dynamics will be lost. The single-trial data analysis, on the other hand, can avoid this problem but the SNR is very poor. In this study, we apply ICA to both non-averaged single-trial data and averaged multiple-trials data to determine the properties and advantages of both. Our results show that the analysis of averaged data is effective for seeking the response and dipole location of evoked fields. The non-averaged single-trial data analysis efficiently identifies the strength and dynamic component such as α-wave. For determining both the range of evoked strength and dipole location, an analysis of averaged limited-trials data is better option.
Keywords: magnetoencephalography (MEG), robust pre-whitening technique, independent component analysis (ICA), source localization